Month: April 2020

Types, Foreshadowings, and Prophecies

Then Jesus took them through the writings of Moses and all the prophets, explaining from all the Scriptures the things concerning himself. – Luke 24:27

Old Testament Prophecies

Wouldn’t you have loved to listen in on the conversation Jesus had with his disciples on the road to Emmaus, after His resurrection? Well, we missed that conversation, so we’re doing an “archaeological survey,” in search for Jesus in the Old Testament Scriptures, for those are the Scriptures Jesus used. The New Testament had yet to be written. No, we cannot do what Jesus did but we’re touching on well known Scriptures and a few of the out-of-the-way places.

What is meant by “types,” “foreshadows,” and fulfilling prophecies? For some context, let’s look at the eye-witness account of Jesus at the Mount of Olives just before his betrayal by Judas. 

Matthew 26:30-32 – And when they had sung a hymn, they went out to the Mount of Olives. Then Jesus said to them, “You will all fall away because of me this night. For it is written, ‘I will strike the shepherd, and the sheep of the flock will be scattered.’ But after I am raised up, I will go before you to Galilee.”


Notice that Jesus is quoting Zechariah 13:7. When Zechariah prophesied this, it was/is a Messianic prophecy; it spoke of Jesus and was a continuation of God’s message about Christ’s betrayal in (Zechariah 11:4, 10, 13, 14) and of Christ’s crucifixion in Zechariah 12:10. These prophesies use a “type”, in this case, “My Shepherd”. Types are never perfect metaphors but they are effective tools to help convey a truth or truths from God.


Foreshadowings are more akin to allegories except they act out a future event. Foreshadowing is similar to an allegory except it acts out a future event. It is a way for God to let people, in the future, see that God had planned to do something before that “something” happens. In the previous Chapter we saw this in God’s substitution of a ram in place of Isaac for Abraham’s sacrifice. That whole event is a foreshadowing of Christ’s substitutionary act upon the cross.

Theophany – Christophany

A Theophany is a visible manifestation of God to a person or people. The most well-known Theophany is Jesus 😀. “For in him dwelleth all the fulness of the Godhead bodily.” (Colossians 2:9)

In our quest to find Jesus (John 20:28) in the Pentateuch we know that the Son of God is present anytime God provides a Theophany, and there are several Theophanies in the Pentateuch. We find a visible manifestation of God when God spoke to Moses out of the burning bush (Exodus 3:1-17). Also, in the Pentateuch, we see God making visible manifestations to Abraham (Genesis 18:1-15), Isaac (Genesis 26:1-2), Jacob (Genesis 28:13, Hosea 12/2-6), Moses at Mount Sinai (Exodus 19:20-21), and to the Israelites in their wilderness journey (Exodus 13:21).

Within the Theophanies in the Pentateuch there are a number of Christophanies. A Christophany is when Jesus, before His birth by Mary, stepped from Heaven into the history of Adam. A very clear example of a Christophany is found in Genesis 18:1-3:

And the LORD appeared to him [Abraham] by the oaks of Mamre, as he sat at the door of his tent in the heat of the day. He lifted up his eyes and looked, and behold, three men were standing in front of him. When he saw them, he ran from the tent door to meet them and bowed himself to the earth and said, “O Lord, if I have found favor in your sight, do not pass by your servant.

We also find a few Theophanies during Christ’s earthly ministry, such as when Jesus was baptized (Matthew 3:17) and Christ’s transfiguration (Matthew 17:5). 


We, in the 21st century, can clearly see Jesus in the narrative of Zechariah. Did

We, in the 21st century, can clearly see Jesus in the narrative of Zechariah, chapters 11, 12, and 13). Did Zechariah see Jesus? Maybe, but not clearly. It is the same for many of the types, foreshadowings, and prophecies we are studying. Many of these are only understandable after they have happened.

To help us grasp what God is doing, we have a number of verses in the Bible to help us. The first two that come to my mind are:

On many past occasions and in many different ways, God spoke to our fathers through the prophets.” Hebrews 1:1.

All these people died having faith. They did not receive the things that were promised, yet they saw them in the distant future and welcomed them, acknowledging that they were strangers and foreigners on earth.” Hebrews 11:13.


Well, we didn’t get our excavation tools out today, but we will tomorrow. Tomorrow we hope to spot Jesus with Isaac and with Rebecca. See you then.

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picture of a ram

Abraham, Where Jesus Is Plainly Seen

Then Jesus took them through the writings of Moses and all the prophets, explaining from all the Scriptures the things concerning himself. – Luke 24:27  

A Bit Of History

The burial of Sarah is the first account of a burial in the Bible, and Abraham’s purchase of what became the family’s burial plot, Machpelah, is the first commercial transaction mentioned in the Bible.

Traditionally, the next burial in the cave is that of Abraham himself, who at the age of 175 years was buried by his son Isaac. The third burial was that of Isaac, by his two sons Esau and Jacob. Isaac died when he was 180 years old. Isaac’s wife Rebecca was also buried in Machpelah. Rachel, Jacob’s wife was buried near Bethlehem where she died in childbirth, while Jacob’s wife Leah was buried in Machpelah.

Jacob died at the age of 147 years. And, in the final chapter of Genesis, Joseph had his physicians embalm his father Jacob, before they removed him from Egypt to be buried in the cave of the field of Machpelah. (Some information gathered from the Jewish Virtual Library)

Jesus, too, when dead, was laid in a tomb, but He didn’t stay there! He arose, making the way for the resurrection and eternal life to all who put their faith in Him Matthew 27:5-6. Okay, that was a bit of a rabbit trail, but I hope you found some value in it.

Return To Eve

So, we’re going to visit a site where Jesus is plainly seen in the life of Abraham. First, we need to return to Eve (see From Eve to Mary), and God’s Word through her. Genesis 3:15: I will put enmity between you and the woman, and between your offspring and her offspring; he shall bruise your head, and you shall bruise his heel.” 

Next, we need to visit Abram when he received the promise from God. Abram didn’t see all that God was doing, but God’s promise is foundational to His chosen people of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, and for all the Gentiles that would be grafted in. Genesis 12:7Then the LORD appeared to Abram and said, “To your offspring I will give this land.” So he built there an altar to the LORD, who had appeared to him.

And finally, we see the revelation that Abraham’s promised Seed is Jesus, the Son of God. Galatians 3:16Now the promises were made to Abraham and to his offspring. It does not say, “And to offsprings,” referring to many, but referring to one, “And to your offspring,” who is Christ. The passage goes on to explain that an inheritance was promised to Abraham’s Seed (Christ) apart from the Law. Later, the Mosaic Law was introduced, but it did not annul the promises made to Abraham or to Abraham’s Seed (Christ). Also, as Jesus proclaimed, “Before Abraham was, I am.” (John 8:58)

The Sacrifice

Okay, we’re going to dust off one more siting of Jesus in the life of Abraham. There is no place in the Old Testament where Jesus is more plainly seen than in Abraham’s sacrifice.

No doubt you know about this event. God tells Abraham to take his only son and sacrifice him to Almighty God. Abraham takes Isaac and together they walk up Mount Moriah. God’s command was that Abraham would sacrifice his only son. Abraham was obedient to what God told him to do and Isaac was obedient to what his father told him to do.

Here are some key verses. 

  • Genesis 22:7And Isaac said to his father Abraham, “My father!” And he said, “Here I am, my son.” He said, “Behold, the fire and the wood, but where is the lamb for a burnt offering?” 
  • Genesis 22:8: Abraham said, “God will provide for himself the lamb for a burnt offering, my son.” So they went both of them together. 
  • Genesis 22:13: And Abraham lifted up his eyes and looked, and behold, behind him was a ram, caught in a thicket by his horns. And Abraham went and took the ram and offered it up as a burnt offering instead of his son.

The Ram

Many theologians believe that the ram was immediately created by God’s power since a ram caught in a thicket would be making a ruckus! The ram truly was a “type” of our Lord Jesus, who uncommonly came into the world, being born of a virgin. There are many possible “types” for the ram caught in a thicket, but certainly one “type” is that the thicket points to the crown of thorns that was put on Christ’s head (Matthew 27:29). Jesus prayed, “Father, if you are willing, remove this cup from me. Nevertheless, not my will, but yours, be done.” (Luke 22:42)

We’ve clearly seen Jesus in the life of Abraham, and this is attested to in 1 Peter 1:19-20: But with the precious blood of Christ, like that of a lamb without blemish or spot. He was foreknown before the foundation of the world but was made manifest in the last times for the sake of you. 

God’s Word Is Amazing

God’s Word is so amazing and so tightly woven together. If we pull a verse or two out of context, the verses seem strange, but when we leave them within the whole Word of God they are perfect and beautiful.

Well, we could linger with Abraham for a very long time but we have many more places to (re)discover Jesus. Tomorrow, we will dust off Isaac and his wife Rebekah (Heb. רִבְקָה).

church service in the Netherlands

Come and Dine

I’m running behind on my Finding Christ in Christianity, so I thought I’d share this devotional with you.

John 21:12, Jesus said to them, “Come and have breakfast.” Now none of the disciples dared ask him, “Who are you?” They knew it was the Lord.

Come and Dine 
Jesus has a table spread
Where the saints of God are fed,
He invites His chosen people, “Come and dine”;
With His manna He doth feed
And supplies our every need:
Oh, ’tis sweet to sup with Jesus all the time!

“Come and dine,” the Master calleth, “Come and dine”;
You may feast at Jesus’ table all the time;
He Who fed the multitude, turned the water into wine,
To the hungry calleth now, “Come and dine.”

The disciples came to land,
Thus obeying Christ’s command,
For the Master called unto them, “Come and dine”;
There they found their heart’s desire,
Bread and fish upon the fire;
Thus He satisfies the hungry every time.

Soon the Lamb will take His bride
To be ever at His side,
All the host of heaven will assembled be;
Oh, ’twill be a glorious sight,
All the saints in spotless white;
And with Jesus they will feast eternally

By Charles B. Widmeyer – “Come and Dine” was written following the reading of John 21:12 and his meditation on the similarity between the tired, hungry disciples and people of his day both spiritually and physically hungry; translated into Spanish, Japanese, Chinese, Arabic, and Serbian.

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shadow of a man


Then Jesus took them through the writings of Moses and all the prophets, explaining from all the Scriptures the things concerning himself. – Luke 24:27

As we continue to uncover Christ in Pentateuch, we head to a well-known dig site. There have been extensive excavations of Abraham, so much so that much of the truth has been trampled underfoot. Still, we cannot pass over Abraham for he looms large throughout God’s Word. Plus, Abraham is called a friend of God (James 2:23), so it only seems right to spend a bit of our time finding Jesus in the life and events of God’s friend. Sadly, we only have time to dust off a few sightings of Jesus in Abraham’s life.   

Ur Out 😉

First, before God called him, we learned that Abram lived in the city of Ur. Abram lived in a large and important city. It was probably comparable, in that day, to Chicago or New Delhi or Lagos. But God called him from a city life to a nomadic life. This change is an example of Christ’s earthly ministry. Jesus came from Heaven to Earth. Jesus said, “Foxes have holes, and birds of the air have nests, but the Son of Man has nowhere to lay his head.” (Matthew 8:20)  

Next, we spot Jesus in Genesis 12:1Now the Lord said to Abram, “Go from your country and your kindred and your father’s house to the land that I will show you…”  “Therefore go out from their midst, and be separate from them, says the Lord, and touch no unclean thing; then I will welcome you,” 

Yes You Canaan

For our next site where we find Abraham pointing to Jesus is in the land of Canaan. God called Abram, a descendent of Noah’s son, Shem, to the land of For our next site, we find Abram pointing to Jesus in the land of Canaan. God called Abram, a descendent of Noah’s son, Shem, to the land of Noah’s son, Ham. Yes, God called Abram to Canaan. Abram’s call from God is a fulfillment of Noah’s prophecy (Genesis 9:26). Also, it is an event pointing to Jesus being sent to Israel, a land carved out of the land of Canaan. As Jesus said in Matthew 15:24, “…I was sent only to the lost sheep of the house of Israel.”  

Abram obeyed God’s call, and when he arrived in Canaan’s land, he built an altar to Yahweh at Shechem, a Canaanite city (Genesis 12:7). This exit from Ur and entrance into Canaan, and the building of an altar, is a foreshadowing of Father God sending His only begotten Son to the land of Israel and Jesus praying to Father God (John 17:1).    


Okay, let’s put out trowels and brushes away. Today we learned many events in the life of Abram pointed to Jesus, His life and minister. Tomorrow we will look at Jesus in Abraham’s and Isaac’s sacrifice and then move on. 

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The Blood Of Jesus In The Pitch

Then Jesus took them through the writings of Moses and all the prophets, explaining from all the Scriptures the things concerning himself. – Luke 24:27

Over the next few days we will cover Abraham, Isaac, Rebekah, Jacob, Joseph and then move on to Moses. Neither time nor my strength will allow me to touch on the innumerable events and people where we find Jesus in the Old Testament. After we discover Jesus in several events in Moses’ life, we will then excavate some of the less trodden places where Jesus is found.


In this chapter let’s return to Genesis, chapter six. We see that the world has become utterly sinful (Genesis 6:5). Justice is a key attribute of God, and justice demanded action, and God did act. Unlike other people, “Noah was a righteous man, blameless in his generation. Noah walked with God. (Genesis 6:9)” This verse sounds like Enoch; he, too, walked with God (Genesis 5:24). Then God told Noah to make an ark (Genesis 6:14).

In Genesis, chapter seven, we find Noah and his family safe in the ark while all life outside of the ark drowns (Genesis 7:21). In chapter eight, we learn that God remembered Noah and his family, and began the recovery process for the earth by causing a wind to blow over the earth (Genesis 8:1). Noah and those in the ark finally return to dry land. “Then Noah built an altar to the Lord… (Genesis 8:20)” And God then makes a covenant between Himself and humanity (Genesis 9:12). And God gives humanity a sign of His covenant: “I have set my rainbow in the clouds, and it will be the sign of the covenant between me and the earth. (Genesis 9:13)” In Genesis, chapter seven, we find Noah, et al. safe in the ark is while all life outside of the ark drowns (Genesis 7:21). In chapter eight we learn that “God remembered Noah, et al, and began the recovery process by causing a wind to blow over the earth (Genesis 8:1).” Noah and those in the ark finally return to dry land. “Then Noah built an altar to the Lord… (Genesis 8:20)” And God then makes a covenant between Himself and humanity (Genesis 9:12). And God gives humanity a sign of His covenant: “I have set my rainbow in the clouds, and it will be the sign of the covenant between me and the earth. (Genesis 9:13)” 

Birth of the Hebrews, Canaanites, and Gentiles

At the end of chapter nine, a bad family event occurs which causes Noah to bless his son Shem (Genesis 9:26) even though Shem was not the firstborn. So, Shem is the patriarch and founder of the Hebrews. We also learn that Noah’s son, Ham, is the father and founder of the Canaanites. Yes, it is the land of Canaan where God sent Shem’s descendants (Israel) to kill the descendants of Ham (Canaanites) and take the land of Canaan for Israel.

Right here, at the end of chapter nine, is the root of the conflict between Israel and Canaan. It is based on the words God gave Noah. Shem would be the blessed one, Ham would be his servant, and Noah’s son, Japheth, would be the patriarch and founder of the Gentile nations. Japheth and his descendants would prosper and benevolently dwell under the authority of Shem.

We have now reviewed the history of Noah, and we can see that there is much more to Noah’s life than “just” building an ark. The Hebrews, the Canaanites, and the Gentiles all trace their lineages back to Noah. This genealogy is fascinating, but where is Jesus?

Faith That Affects Thousands of Years

First, once again, we find faith in God. Every time we see someone in Genesis exercise faith then God acts in astonishing ways, ways that reverberate across hundreds and thousands of years. This is a good reminder of what Jesus said about faith in Matthew 17:20. And we are reminded of Hebrews 11:7, “By faith Noah, being warned by God concerning events as yet unseen, in reverent fear constructed an ark for the saving of his household.” 

Because Noah walked with God and had faith in God, the ark is a type of Christ Jesus; it is a refuge from God’s coming judgement. We believers, too, are promised that our Lord will be a refuge from God’s judgement. “Trust in him at all times, O people; pour out your heart before him; God is a refuge for us. Selah” (Psalms 62:8), “For whatever was written in former days was written for our instruction, that through endurance and through the encouragement of the Scriptures we might have hope.” (Romans 15:4)

The Timing of Jesus is Perfect

Let’s take a brief look at God’s timing. We see in Genesis 8:13, “In the six hundred and first year, in the first month, the first day of the month, the waters were dried from off the earth. And Noah removed the covering of the ark and looked, and behold, the face of the ground was dry.” The first year, the first month, the first day, that’s not coincidence, that’s God’s perfect timing. Jesus is right here in Genesis 8:13. Now read Romans 5:6, “You see, at just the right time, when we were still powerless, Christ died for the ungodly.” The timing of Jesus is always perfect, in the Old Testament and in the New.

The Blood Of Jesus In The Pitch

In reviewing Genesis 6:14, we learn that God had Noah “seal” the ark with pitch, inside and out. Pitch is a sticky resin. This pitch kept the water out. God’s judgment was in the water (flood). The water washed away the corruption in the world. Spiritually, the blood of Jesus was in the pitch.

The pitch was inside and outside. We receive the Holy Spirit in us and on us, inside and outside, just like God told Noah to apply the pitch. “Do you not know that you are God’s temple and that God’s Spirit dwells in you?” (1 Corinthians 3:16) “He saved us, not because of works done by us in righteousness, but according to his own mercy, by the washing of regeneration and renewal of the Holy Spirit, whom he poured out on us richly through Jesus Christ our Savior,” (Titus 3:5-6)

Well, we can’t pass up Jesus in the rainbow. So, in Genesis 9:11, God says. “…never again shall there be a flood to destroy the earth.” Likewise, in 1 Peter 3:18, we find the promise, “For Christ also suffered once for sins, the righteous for the unrighteous, that he might bring us to God, being put to death in the flesh but made alive in the spirit,” The judgement on the world by a flood was done once, but never again. So, too, Jesus died once for sins, but never again. We see Jesus in and foreshadowed through Noah, the ark, the judgement flood, the redemption of a remnant.

More to Come

There’s more we could discover if we excavated deeper, but now we need to stow away our tools and get some rest. Thanks for joining me on the adventure, this quest to find Jesus throughout God’s Word. 

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More To Come…

Dear Reader,

Due to technical problems, I don’t have a post for today. But here, at least, is our agenda.

Over the next few days we will cover Abraham, Isaac, Rebekah, Jacob, Joseph and then move on to Moses. Neither my time nor yours will allow us to touch on the innumerable events and people where we find Jesus in the Old Testament. Once we discover Jesus in several events in Moses’ life we will then excavate some of the less trodden sites where Jesus can be found; a few may surprise you!

Best Regards,

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man leading two camels

Adam to Abraham

Then Jesus took them through the writings of Moses and all the prophets, explaining from all the Scriptures the things concerning himself. – Luke 24:27 

We continue our quest to discover Jesus in all the Scriptures. Today, we will look We continue our quest to discover Jesus in all the Pentateuch. In this chapter we will start by looking at the genealogy from Adam to Abraham. Let’s head back to our dig site in Genesis, chapter five. There is excessive debris here due to neglect. 

Adam to Abraham 

Because of Adam’s long life, he could easily have talked with his descendants all the way to Noah’s father, Lamech. Noah’s son, Shem and Noah’s grandson, Eber, both outlived all their descendants, after the flood, and were alive during a part of Abraham’s life. 

In the patriarchal society of that day, it is no wonder that the Israelites were also known as ‘Semites’ (after Shem) or ‘Hebrews’ (after Eber). Yes, they are called Hebrews after the name of Adam’s grandson. 

Now, because of the patriarchs’ long lifespans, there are only two gaps from Adam to Abraham. Both gaps could be filled by Noah’s father, Lamech and Noah’s son, Shem. This would provide a lineage with every generation overlapping with the next, providing an unbroken chain of living history!

God’s Word is cohesive no matter how He chose to do it, but a continuity in His message through successive generations is very realistic. And, of course, the Holy Spirit provides inspiration and guidance. God did the same thing in the New Testament with the Apostles and especially the Apostle John.

Where’s Jesus? He’s standing with Enoch. 

In Hebrews 11:5 we read, “By faith Enoch was translated that he should not see death, and he was not found, because God translated him.” Here is what is so marvelous, both in Genesis 5:24 and Hebrews 11:5 we find, for the very first time, that there is something more for people besides being born, having kids, and dying. 

With Enoch, God draws back the curtain a bit and we discover that there’s SOMEPLACE else for us beyond dust. Enoch was not found because God “translated” him. The word “translate” can mean “to transfer” (Strong’s Greek 3346). God moved him from the earth to someplace else. This is the first time God has allowed us in on this truth.

Notice that the Holy Spirit led Paul to use a similar word in Philippians 3:20-21: “But our citizenship is in heaven, and from it we await a Savior, the Lord Jesus Christ, who will transform our lowly body to be like his glorious body, by the power that enables him even to subject all things to himself.” We will be “transformed,” moved from earth to someplace else.

So, there’s Jesus, right in the middle of Genesis, chapter 5. Enoch experienced what we will experience if Christ calls us up during our lifetime. 


Next time we will take a look at Noah and then jump to Abraham. It is going to take us a few more days to work our way through Genesis. 

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Jewish father and son at the Western wall

Genealogy of Adam

Finding Christ in Christianity

Then Jesus took them through the writings of Moses and all the prophets, explaining from all the Scriptures the things concerning himself. – Luke 24:27

The Problem With

Previously, we excavated chapter five of Genesis. Not just the world, but many Christians seeking friendship with secular peers, have dismissed the truth and relevance of Adam’s genealogy. They say, “Move along; there’s nothing to see here.” Well, let’s look for ourselves. We have the promise from Jesus that all of God’s Word relates, in some way, to Jesus.

In archaeology, timelines and ancestors are important, so today’s “dig” in Genesis 5:1-3, tells us, “This is the book of the generations of Adam… When Adam had lived 130 years, he had a son in his own likeness, in his own image; and he named him Seth.”

The genealogy of Adam is interesting because there’s no mention of Cain. The genealogy starts off with Adam and then Seth, Cain and Abel have been removed. Adam is doing a mulligan ( i.e., a do-over).

Seth Is Made In the Image Of Adam

Notice that the Bible doesn’t say that Seth was made in God’s image, as we might expect. Rather, Seth was made in the image of Adam. This point is critical, which is probably why Seth’s birth was phrased as “Adam’s likeness; Adam’s image.”

If you remember from yesterday, the name Seth means “fixed.” The hope of Adam and Eve was that Seth would fix the mess that Cain made. Seth’s inheritance was credited to him as the firstborn male heir. The lineage of Jesus is traced from Seth. So, Seth is important in God’s plan of redemption.

But Seth didn’t fix things. Seth was not born in the same image of God that Adam was. Sin now reigned in Mankind. Seth, like every person, was in God’s image, but also in the likeness and image of sinful Adam.

Genesis 5:1-5 is evidently intended to show us that Adam was made in the image of God. However, because sin had entered humanity, Seth was not made in the sinless image of God but in the image of Adam, the corrupted image of God. And, in fact, because of sin, Adam died.

Jesus Is The Second Adam, Not Seth

If Seth had been born in the sinless image of God then He would have been the second Adam. That place was reserved for Jesus (1 Corinthians 15:45). It was important for Seth to be in the image and likeness of Adam. Jesus, the Son of Man, was born in the image of Adam – the image of God, without sin. So, the man Christ Jesus could reconcile to God the humanity born in sin. Adam wasn’t born in sin. Eve wasn’t born in sin. Cain was removed from the lineage of Adam, and Abel died. The seed of the Son of Man was in Seth.

So, Seth was in the image and likeness of God, but he was also in the sinful state of the fallen Adam. That made it possible for Jesus Christ to return as the second Adam, the reconciler and mediator of man to God.

Tomorrow We Excavate Noah

We didn’t even get past verse three in our excavation. Please join me tomorrow as we will take a brief look at the genealogy of Noah and then Christ in the work God gave Noah.

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